Editor’s Note: M41 Highway/ Pamir Highway route through Tajikistan likely a route for opium/weapons for local warlords, however the big boys- US Special Forces, Intel operatives, GKNB/Armed Forces are airlifting opium from undisclosed location – hint Afghanistan. Take a look at a portion of the M41 highway. Not a very economic/efficient/strategic route for smuggling/drug-trafficking large amounts(tons) of opium/weapons. Read:U.S. COVERT WAR IN TAJIKISTAN: U.S. SPECIAL FORCES, FREEDOM HOUSE, GKNB AND DRUG TRAFFICKING
The Pamir Highway between Dushanbe and Khorugh-wikipedia
It’s perhaps not surprising that Tajikistan,which shares a poorly guarded, 750-mile border with opium-rich Afghanistan, has become a major global drug-trafficking hub—in fact, more than 80 percent of Afghanistan’s heroin exports to Russia and Europe now pass through Tajik territory. Over the past decade, the United States, worried that the drug trade would soon be accompanied by all the other security problems that plague Afghanistan, has cooperated closely with Tajikistan’s government to help it stem the narcotics trade. Seems reasonable, right?
Unfortunately, that government is such a dubious partner that hundreds of millions of dollars in U.S. aid have done little to solve the country’s problems or stop the drug business—while helping to shore up its apparatus of repression. The United States has spent nearly $200 millionsince 2001 on security assistance for Tajikistan, increasingly focused on training and arming special military and police units. In 2012, for example, U.S. Special Forces trained 350 members of the State Committee of National Security, the successor agency of the Soviet-era KGB, including courses in marksmanship, close-quarters combat and weapons.
But while the GKNB is on the front lines of fighting drug traffickers, it is also the primary organ of political repression in the country—and many observers see it as more engaged in the latter. That includes the detention and torture of dozens of dissidents, according to human rights groups.
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