China is imposing tariffs on more than 125 US imports including fruit and pork, heightening fears of a trade war between the two countries.
Tariffs of up to 25 per cent go into effect on Monday as President Xi Jinping's government followed through on a threat to impose the measures.
China confirmed it has suspended duty concessions on 128 US imports after President Donald Trump's tariffs on steel and aluminium "caused serious damage" to Beijing's interests.
Global markets were shaken in March when Trump announced he would impose tariffs on Chinese goods as part of his "America first" agenda.
Beijing struck back just days after the Trump administration said the tariffs on Chinese goods may not be imposed until early June.
China's Ministry of Finance announced the new tariffs in a statement, writing: "The Customs Tariff Commission of the State Council has decided to suspend duty concessions on certain imported goods originating in the United States and implemented it on April 2, 2018."
It said the measures were imposed in response to Trump's tariffs on steel and aluminium, adding: "[The US] measures violated the relevant rules of the World Trade Organization and did not comply with the 'security exceptions' provision, which actually constituted safeguard measures.
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