Billionaire industrialist David Koch, a driving force behind conglomerate Koch Industries who, as one of the world's richest people, became a major financier of conservative causes and political candidates, has died at age 79, his brother said on Friday.
Charles Koch, Koch Industries Inc's chairman, disclosed the death in a statement that touched on his younger brother's lengthy battle with prostate cancer and his philanthropic contributions to medical research, education and the arts.
"He will be greatly missed, but never forgotten," Charles said in a statement addressed to employees. "David was proud of the extraordinary work you all have done to make Koch Industries the successful company that it is today."
David, a philanthropist and patron of cultural and medical institutions, amassed his vast wealth with a large ownership stake in Koch Industries, the Kansas-based company he ran with Charles.
With Charles as chairman and chief executive and David as executive vice president, Koch Industries - one of the world's largest privately-held businesses - aggressively expanded beyond the oil refining business their father created into an array of new ventures.
David stepped down from the business and political activities in June 2018, citing declining health.
He and Charles, both Massachusetts Institute of Technology-trained engineers, spent hundreds of millions of dollars to back conservative causes and Republican political candidates in the United States. They were fierce critics of Democratic President Barack Obama but failed in their bid to stop him from being re-elected in 2012.
Environmentalists and others have been highly critical of the Koch brothers over their funding to groups denying climate change.
The brothers also funded groups like Americans for Prosperity that spread their libertarian vision of conservatism advocating lower taxes and fewer regulations on businesses and donated heavily to Republican candidates. Critics said the brothers used their riches to buy political influence and peddle positions that would benefit them financially.
The Kochs were no fans of businessman-turned-politician Donald Trump and backed rivals for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination. Once Trump was nominated by the party, the brothers redirected their political donations towards congressional races rather than the presidential election in which Trump defeated Democrat Hillary Clinton.
The Koch brothers strongly opposed Trump's protectionist trade policies, which abandoned free trade deals, aimed tariffs at close US allies and picked fights with major trade partners like China.
David and Charles each were worth $58.7bn, ranking 7th and 8th on the list of the world's richest people, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. Their combined wealth exceeded that of the world's richest man, Amazon founder Jeff Bezos.
Their father, Fred Koch, founded Koch Industries and built gas plants in Josef Stalin's Soviet Union before becoming an ardent anti-communist and a founder of the archconservative John Birch Society.
In 1991, David survived a plane collision in Los Angeles that killed 34 people.
"I felt that the good Lord spared my life for a purpose. And since then, I've been busy doing all the good works I can think of," David told New York magazine in 2010.
He was a familiar figure at cultural events in New York City, joined by his wife, Julia, 23 years his junior.
David donated more than $1bn in his lifetime. He gave hundreds of millions of dollars to medical facilities, art and natural history museums and the New York City Ballet.
In addition to his wife, he is survived by three children.
David ran unsuccessfully for US vice president in 1980 - running to the right of conservative hero Ronald Reagan - on a long-shot Libertarian Party ticket that called for abolishing income taxes, minimum wage laws, government regulatory agencies, the Social Security retirement programme, the FBI and the CIA.
Under the leadership of Charles and David, Koch Industries was involved in oil refining, chemicals, biofuels, pipelines, commodities trading, ranching, fertilizer and paper. It made well-known everyday products such as Dixie disposable cups, Brawny paper towels, Quilted Northern toilet paper, Stainmaster carpet and stretchy Lycra fabric.
David guided the chemical equipment side of his company from his home in New York while Charles remained in Wichita. The two brothers each owned 42 percent of Koch Industries.
The Koch brothers helped back the conservative Tea Party movement that arose after Obama took office and tenaciously fought his policies, including the 2010 Obamacare healthcare law that reduced the number of Americans without medical insurance by millions.
Koch was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1992 and underwent radiation treatment, surgery and hormone therapy. The experience prompted him to donate hundreds of millions of dollars to medical institutions, including MIT, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, New York-Presbyterian Hospital and Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York.
David was embroiled in a bitter family feud that erupted in 1980 in which his fraternal twin, Bill, and another brother, Frederick, accused David and Charles of cheating them out of hundreds of millions of dollars.
Two decades of court battles ensued. Their mother disinherited Bill and Frederick before her death. During one courtroom showdown in 1998, David sobbed on the witness stand while describing his broken relationship with his twin.
After a legal settlement with undisclosed terms in 2001 resolved the feud, the twins restored their relationship, and David served as best man when Bill married his third wife.
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